U.S. FDA Approves Once-daily Jentadueto® XR (linagliptin and metformin hydrochloride extended-release) Tablets for Adults with Type 2 Diabetes
JENTADUETO XR combines 2.5 mg or 5 mg of linagliptin with 1000 mg of metformin. Linagliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor, works by increasing hormones that stimulate the pancreas to produce more insulin and the liver to produce less glucose. Metformin, a commonly prescribed initial treatment for T2D, lowers glucose production by the liver and its absorption in the intestine.
"Adults with type 2 diabetes are often required to take more than one medication to manage their condition, including some that have to be taken multiple times a day," said
JENTADUETO XR is indicated as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with T2D when treatment with both linagliptin and metformin is appropriate. JENTADUETO XR should not be used in patients with type 1 diabetes or for the treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis, and has not been studied in people with a history of pancreatitis.
The JENTADUETO XR label contains a boxed warning for the risk of lactic acidosis, a serious metabolic complication that can occur due to metformin accumulation during treatment with JENTADUETO XR.
The safety and efficacy of JENTADUETO XR have been established based on adequate and well-controlled studies of linagliptin and metformin co-administered in patients with T2D inadequately controlled on diet and exercise and in combination with sulfonylurea.
Approximately 29 million Americans and an estimated 415 million people worldwide have diabetes, and nearly 28 percent of Americans with diabetes—totaling 8 million people—are undiagnosed. In the
What is JENTADUETO XR?
JENTADUETO XR is a prescription medicine that contains 2 diabetes medicines, linagliptin and metformin. JENTADUETO XR can be used along with diet and exercise to lower blood sugar in adults with type 2 diabetes when treatment with both linagliptin and metformin is appropriate.
JENTADUETO XR is not for people with type 1 diabetes or for people with diabetic ketoacidosis (increased ketones in the blood or urine).
If you have had inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis) in the past, it is not known if you have a higher chance of getting pancreatitis while you take JENTADUETO XR.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
What is the most important information I should know about JENTADUETO XR?
Serious side effects can happen in people taking JENTADUETO XR, including lactic acidosis. Metformin, one of the medicines in JENTADUETO XR, can cause a rare but serious condition called lactic acidosis (a build-up of lactic acid in the blood) that can cause death. Lactic acidosis is a medical emergency and must be treated in a hospital.
Call your doctor right away if you have any of the following symptoms, which could be signs of lactic acidosis: feel cold in your hands or feet, feel dizzy or lightheaded, have a slow or irregular heart beat, feel very weak or tired, have unusual muscle pain, have trouble breathing, feel sleepy or drowsy, have stomach pains, nausea or vomiting.
You have a higher chance of getting lactic acidosis with JENTADUETO XR if you have severe kidney problems or your kidneys are affected by certain x-ray tests that use injectable dye, liver problems, drink alcohol very often, or drink a lot of alcohol in short term ("binge" drinking), get dehydrated (lose a large amount of body fluids), have surgery, have a heart attack, severe infection, or stroke.
Inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis) is another serious side effect that can happen to people taking JENTADUETO XR. Pancreatitis may be severe and lead to death. Before you start taking JENTADUETO XR tell your doctor if you have ever had pancreatitis, gallstones, a history of alcoholism, or high triglyceride levels. Stop taking JENTADUETO XR and call your doctor right away if you have pain in your stomach area (abdomen) that is severe and will not go away. The pain may be felt going from your abdomen through to your back. The pain may happen with or without vomiting. These may be symptoms of pancreatitis.
Who should not take JENTADUETO XR?
Do not take JENTADUETO XR if you:
- have kidney problems.
- have a condition called metabolic acidosis or diabetic ketoacidosis (increased ketones in the blood or urine).
- are allergic to linagliptin, metformin or any of the ingredients in JENTADUETO XR. Symptoms of an allergic reaction may include rash, itching, flaking or peeling; raised red patches on your skin (hives); and swelling of your face, lips, tongue and throat that may cause difficulty breathing or swallowing. If you have any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, stop taking JENTADUETO XR and call your doctor or go to the emergency room right away.
What should I tell my doctor before using JENTADUETO XR?
Before you take JENTADUETO XR, tell your doctor about all of your medical conditions, including if you:
- have or have had inflammation of your pancreas (pancreatitis).
- have severe kidney problems.
- have liver problems.
- have heart problems, including congestive heart failure.
- drink alcohol very often, or drink a lot of alcohol in short term "binge" drinking.
- are going to get an injection of dye or contrast agents for an x-ray procedure. JENTADUETO XR may need to be stopped for a short time. Talk to your doctor about when you should stop JENTADUETO XR and when you should start JENTADUETO XR again.
- have type 1 diabetes.
- have any other medical conditions.
- are pregnant or planning to become pregnant. It is not known if JENTADUETO XR will harm your unborn baby.
- are a premenopausal woman (before the "change of life"), who does not have periods regularly or at all. Talk to your doctor about birth control choices while taking JENTADUETO XR if you are not planning to become pregnant since JENTADUETO XR may increase your chance of becoming pregnant. Tell your doctor right away if you become pregnant while taking JENTADUETO XR.
- are breast-feeding or plan to breast-feed. It is not known if JENTADUETO XR passes into your breast milk.
Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. JENTADUETO XR may affect the way other medicines work, and other medicines may affect how JENTADUETO XR works. Especially tell your doctor if you take:
- other medicines that can lower your blood sugar. If you take JENTADUETO XR with another medicine that can cause low blood sugar, such as sulfonylurea or insulin, your risk of getting low blood sugar is higher. The dose of your sulfonylurea or insulin may need to be lowered while you take JENTADUETO XR.
- rifampin (Rifadin®, Rimactane®, Rifater®, Rifamate®), an antibiotic that is used to treat tuberculosis.
What are the possible side effects of JENTADUETO XR?
JENTADUETO XR may cause serious side effects, including:
- Lactic acidosis (a build-up of lactic acid in the blood).
- Inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis).
- Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), especially if you take JENTADUETO XR with another medicine that can cause low blood sugar. Signs and symptoms of low blood sugar may include headache, irritability, drowsiness, hunger, weakness, fast heart beat, dizziness, sweating, confusion, or feeling jittery.
- Allergic (hypersensitivity) reactions can happen after your first dose or up to 3 months after starting JENTADUETO XR. Symptoms may include swelling of your face, lips, throat, and other areas on your skin; difficulty with swallowing or breathing; raised, red areas on your skin (hives); skin rash, itching, flaking, or peeling.
- Joint pain. Some people who take medicines called DPP-4 inhibitors, one of the medicines in JENTADUETO XR, may develop joint pain that can be severe. Call your doctor if you have severe joint pain.
The most common side effects of JENTADUETO XR include stuffy or runny nose, sore throat, and diarrhea.
These are not all the possible side effects of JENTADUETO XR. For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacist. You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the
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This press release contains forward-looking statements (as that term is defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995) about JENTADUETO XR as a treatment for patients with type 2 diabetes along with diet and exercise and reflects Lilly's current belief. However, as with any pharmaceutical product, there are substantial risks and uncertainties in the process of development and commercialization. Among other things, there can be no guarantee that future study results will be consistent with the results to date or that JENTADUETO XR will receive additional regulatory approvals. For further discussion of these and other risks and uncertainties, see Lilly's most recent Form 10-K and Form 10-Q filings with the
Jentadueto® XR is a registered trademark of Boehringer Ingelheim
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